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KIMS Policy Report

Second Amongst Equals? The Police Coast Guard within Singapore’s Maritime Security Architecture

Amongst Singapore’s maritime security institutions, the Police Coast Guard (PCG) is arguably one of the most underrated. Founded in 1866, the PCG’s genesis was then called the Marine Police during the British colonial rule and tasked to curb rampant piracy. It retained the Marine Police title until 1993, when it was renamed the PCG following …

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The Philippine Coast Guard (PCG) in the Third Decade of the 21st Century

This chapter examines the role that the Philippine Coast Guard (PCG), the primary enforcer of Philippine maritime rights in the South China Sea, has assumed since the 2012 Scarborough Shoal standoff. It has been observed that changes in the Philippine government’s policy on the South China Sea dispute have affected the PCG in performing this …

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Project on Southeast Asia Coast Guard-Indonesian Coast Guard

This report discusses the development of the Indonesian Coast Guard or also known as BAKAMLA. Firstly, it discussed the historical background of BAKAMLA, which was originated from the BAKORKAMLA. In 2014, BAKAMLA was established under the mandate of the Indonesian Law of Maritime Affairs and Presidential Regulation Number 178 of 2014. Under this regulation, BAKAMLA …

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